Gynecomastia or enlargement of the male breast may produce an unwanted
feminizing appearance. This is typically caused by an increase in stromal
(connective) and ductal tissue, however a serious underlying cause should
always be considered. The incidence of occurrence in naval military exams
is about 8 in 100,000. Gynecomastia is noted normally to some degree in
pubescence with incidence as high as 65% in boys aged 14 to 15 years. By
late teens this finding lessens to 7.7%. Cosmetic surgeons consider 3
I. a button of extra tissue under the areola (the pigmented area
surrounding the nipple)
II. diffuse enlargement with indistinct peripheral margins.
III. further mass effect with excessive skin involvement.
Many cases can be treated with liposuction techniques. Generally speaking
only large cases with excessive non-elastic skin, or dense fibrous growth
require open excision.
Comprehensive fee for both breasts typically ranges
$3,500.00 to $5,000.00. Unilateral $2,500.00 to 3,500.00.
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